Friday, July 25, 2014

War of 1812

25 July 1814  Battle of Lundy's Lane
Ref;  'Where Right and Glory Lead'  by Donald E. Graves
'is the story on one of the most hard-fought military actions
in North American history. On a summer evening in July 1814,
within sight of Niagara Falls, 5,000 American, British and
Canadian soldiers struggled desperately in a close-range
battle that raged on into the dark. By morning more than a third
had become casualties. The two armies had fought to the point of
exhaustion, and who won has long been a matter of dispute.
   Lundy's Lane was the bloodiest battle of the War of 1812
and the bloodiest fought on what is now Canadian soil. It was the
high mark of the 1814 Niagara campaign, which was the longest
campaign of the war and the last time that Canada suffered a
major foreign invasion.
   In his analysis of this still-controversial battle. the author
narrates the background and events in precise detail while
providing a thorough examination of the weaponry, tactics
and personalities of the opposing armies. The result is possibly
the most thorough analysis of a musket-period action to appear in print
and will appeal to those interested in the War of 1812, Napoleonic
warfare - and the face of combat.' [Quoted from outside back cover]
This book details a play by play account of the Battle of Lundy's Lane
and I recommend  this as a must read, re War of 1812
The Battle is covered from page 107 to 194
Aftermath page 195 to 256 which deals with the rest of the war.
Appendices start on page 257- Order of Battle and Strength, both Armies
Also deals with the remainder of the war and the fates of some of the men

Monday, July 21, 2014

War of 1812

21 July 2014
Ref;  'Where Right and Glory Lead',  by Donald E. Graves.


This book is specific to Lundy's Lane Battle 25 July 1814 and I have listed
references to the 100th Regiment. They did not participate in this battle
p. 59 March 1814, 100th replaces 8th Reg't at Ft. Niagara
p. 62 100th is one of five Veteran Battalions
p 68 George Hay, LtCol is a 27 year old wounded Veteran with 10 years
        service with the Duke of Wellington. Also called the Marquis of Tweedle
p 77-79 Battle of Chippawa  5 July 1814
p 82 100th, Light Co.[and 1st] turned back the Americans
p 84 100th  [and 1st and 8th] move towards American Camp
p 85  100th beside the Niagara river, next to the 1st
p 86 100th and 1st [900 men] advance towards Scotts brigade
p 88 100th, of 14 Officers only 3 remain unwounded
p 89 Lists injuries to 100th Officers and 1st and100th withdrew
p 90 100th   204 casualties.  Lt. Lyons soldiers 29 of 35 WIA or KIA
         Riall's soldiers 456 casualties or 25%
p 93 100th marches back to a position near Niagara falls on 7 July
p 98  On 13 July 100th and 41st left in Forts


Battle of Lundy's Lane took place on 25 July 1814
  and the 100th did not participate due to the number of
  casualties at Chippawa

Thursday, July 17, 2014

War of 1812 [Battle of Chippawa]

17 July 2014
The book "Red Coats & Grey Jackets" describes the battle in great detail.
ISBN 1-55002-210-5   1994   Battle fought 5 July 1814
Not only that but lists the number of soldiers who participated from
both sides, their cannon etc. as well as fatalities. the book contains 210
pages. Also included are pictures of some soldiers and other items
of interest, the number of which I do not believe are in any other book.
The US Army is referred to as the Left Division and
The British Army and allies are refered to as the Right Division.
Appendix E lists the British Regulars, by Regiment, the Canadian
Militia and Native Warriors Killed at Chippawa
[There are 27 soldiers from 100th Reg't listed]
Those killed in battle are buried on the battlefield

Thursday, July 3, 2014

War of 1812

Chippawa, Battle  5 July 1814.


Ref; Red Coats and Grey Jackets
        The Battle of Chippawa, 5 July 1814  by Donald E. Graves


"On the banks of the Niagara River, a few miles south of the great falls, a battle
  took place on 5 July 1814. For more than three hours on a hot summer afternoon,
  Four thousand American, British, and Canadian soldiers, as well as native warriors
  from many nations, fought in the fields and woods surrounding Canadian
  Samuel Street's prosperous farm.
     When the fighting had ended, more than seven hundred lay dead or wounded.
  Red Coats and Grey Jackets is the story of this battle and the men who fought it"


This is a story about one of the Regiments on the British side who fought in this battle.
The 100th Regiment who in 1818 would settle in Goulbourn Twp. today part of, Ottawa, ON
 the capital of Canada. I am attending the 200th anniversary celebrations of this battle
 this weekend so will make another post next week after returning home.

Saturday, June 28, 2014

World War 1

28 June 1914


So today is the day it all started!
Ref: To-days Ottawa Citizen, 28 June 2014 pg. C3
"On 28 June 1914, Radical Bosnian Serb, Gavrilo Princip, fired the shots that killed
 Austria's Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo." [The spark which led to war]
An accompanying article starts on page C1


Ref; Legion Magazine  July/August 2014 pages 5 and 9 and
        Major feature pages 22 to 30, by Donald E. Graves.
These three articles, especially the feature article, are very important in understanding the events which led to the beginning of the war.
Note. The Legion Magazine should be available at all bookstores and will no doubt
cover the war thru to its end on 11 Nov 1918, and beyond.

Monday, June 16, 2014

War of 1812

16 June 1814
Walking with Joseph
Napoleon is still in Captivity on Elba


Walking with Andrew
18 June 1814. The war has been underway for 2 years to-day.
25 June 2014. Someone has a birthday today.  78 years young. WOW


Walking with Jim
28 June 1914. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were shot to death by a Serbian
     nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia, setting off a series of events leading to War.
     Ref; Legion Magazine Special Issue on WWI, page 5

Sunday, June 1, 2014

War of 1812

Walking with Joseph
Napoleon is in exile on Island of Elbe until about 1 Mar 1815


Walking with Andrew
2 June 1814  Fort at Prairie du Chien established under General William Clark.
28 June 1814  Major William McKay's expedition leaves Fort Mackinac to capture
      Prairie du Chien


Walking with Jim
29 May 1914
Empress of Ireland is hit by Collier Storstad (carrying a cargo of coal) east of Quebec City.
She sinks in 14 minutes with a loss of 1,012 of the 1477 passengers and crew.
A list of passengers and crew can be found at website
http://www.sea-viewdiving.com/shipwreck_info/empress.home/passengers.indec.htm
There is an exhibit at the museum of history until 6 April 1815
Ref: Ottawa Citizen page A10, Friday 30 May 2014


Also there is a mine disaster at the Hillcrest mine at Crowsnest Pass, AB
which occurred at 09:30 16 June 1914 in which 189 men were killed
Ref; Canada's History, formerly The Beaver, June-July 2014 page 13


The above two disasters have been all but forgotten due to the start
of WW1 shortly after they occured